The five laws of stupidity
I bet you didn't know that there are laws governing stupidity. Neither did I until an acquaintance e-mailed me this. Around 20 years ago, the late Carlo M. Cipolla, Emeritus Professor of Economics at UC Berkeley, proposed these laws:
- Always and inevitably everyone underestimates the number of stupid individuals in circulation.
- The probability that a certain person will be stupid is independent of any other characteristic of that person.
- A stupid person is a person who causes losses to another person or to a group of persons while himself deriving no gain and even possibly incurring losses.
- Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of stupid individuals. In particular non-stupid people constantly forget that at all times and places and under any circumstances to deal and/or associate with stupid people always turns out to be a costly mistake.
- A stupid person is the most dangerous type of person.
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